The mystical connection between them reaches insanity. When Sachin Tendulkar stands with the bat and the bowler starts to run, a billion hearts freeze. A riddle of riddles. Wonder of wonders. Where and how did this happen? The game of cricket originated in the middle ages in England. Its name goes back to the Saxon word cricc (“stick”). Presumably, cricket originated from such ancient games as” stick and ball”,” bat and ball “and”trap and ball”. The first information about cricket dates back to 1300: a report on the expenses of the Royal court mentions a sum of 100 shillings and 6 pounds spent on” creeg ” and other sports by Prince Edward. If in the documents of the XV century there are occasional mentions of boys playing “crackett”, in the XVI century, evidence of a passion for this game is more frequent. It is said that in his youth, Oliver Cromwell was engaged in cricket.
The first set of rules for cricket is the “Code of 1744”, which specifies the official sizes of various cricket venues. The heyday of this game was at the end of the XVIII century. The beginning of this was the team of the English village of Hambledon, which founded a Cricket club in 1750. In 1787, the “Marylebone Cricket Club” (MCC) was established, which developed new rules a year later. When did this sport appear in India? Answering this question, experts agree on one thing – the birthplace of Indian cricket is the city of Bombay. It is unanimously recognized that the beginning of organized cricket among Indians should be considered the Foundation of the Parsee Oriental Cricket Club in 1848. At the same time, evidence suggests that Indian cricket may have originated in the city of Sylhet (now Bangladesh). In the journal of Sporting Intelligence, in the issue of March 3, 1845, there is an article “sepoy Cricketers”, which reports a match between sepoy Indians and British officers. The reporter notes that many Indians played very well. By the way, the historical fact of cricket matches between Indians and British officers was reflected in the famous bollywood blockbuster “Lagaan” (“tax”), in which the sports match was presented as an act of anti-colonial resistance. The first known fact of the victory of the Indian team over the British dates back to 1892. The match between the Parsees and the team brought from England by Lord hawke was held in Bombay and ended in a 7-point victory for the Parsees. By this time, cricket had become a truly national sport in India. By the end of the nineteenth century. it was played in Chittagong and Bombay, West Bengal and Gujarat, Delhi and Nagpur. A match was played in Nagpur in 1896 between English soldiers and Nayudu Club Eleven. The Nayudu family became famous for huge financial investments in the spread of cricket in their state. Their brainchild was the Nuyudu Club, where many boys from underprivileged families were taught the basics of the game, as well as provided with uniforms and equipment. The family also patronized a school where boys received a free education with one condition – they had to play cricket! The history of the birth of Indian cricket will not be complete without mentioning such a bright personality as Prince Ranjitsinghji, who became the Maharaja of Nawanagar in 1918. He was, in fact, the first Indian cricketer to become famous in the West. Ranji lived in England for a long time, where he became a high – class player and eventually won an invitation to the Sussex County team and even to the England national team. Nicknamed the “Black Prince”, Ranji scored 24576 career points. It is believed that he was a great admirer of Mr. C. K. Nayudu and its schools, and participated in the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) in 1928. One of the most important events in the history of Indian cricket was the tour of the country by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in 1926. The team traveled through the cities and territories of India, sweeping away everything in its path, until it arrived in Bombay. Before the match the question was as follows: are Indian athletes able to compete on equal terms with strong English clubs? 153 points of CH. K. Naudu positively answered this question. This was the signal for the Indians to legally start knocking on the doors of world cricket. The event played a huge role in the development of national identity of Indians.